CFS Engineering | Land Surveying

Boundary Line Surveys

What are the boundaries of a particular tract of land is a question of law, but where the boundaries of a particular tract of land are located is a matter of fact.

The boundary line surveyor has two questions in mind at the beginning of each new boundary survey:  What is the boundary and where is the boundary located?

The "what" question is typically answered by reviewing the client's deed of conveyance, or grand deed, and the sequence, or chain, of conveyances that have taken place prior to the creation of the current deed.  This process can be fairly straightforward, or it can be quite difficult, based on the language written on the deed and the availability of supporting evidence.  In any case, determining what the boundaries of a parcel of land are requires research into various resources of public and private records.

Determining where the boundaries of a parcel of land exist on the ground requires detailed field investigation and recovery of all evidence necessary to be analyzed in light of the written records.  The most important evidence to be discovered is natural monuments, which are distinct geographical, terrain, hydrological or geological features.  Artificial monuments, such as iron pipes, wood posts, concrete obelisks, old wagon or car axles, sawed off gun barrels, rock piles, and other items typically set by land surveyors fall in line as the second most important features to be discovered during a boundary survey.  A call to an adjoiner is also considered to be the same as a call to a monument.  A call to a natural or artificial monument which is permanently located and has been discovered by the land surveyor will control course and distance.  Or, course and distance as described in a deed of conveyance will yield to the location of natural and/or artificial monuments as described in the deed.

In all cases the boundary survey is based upon the intent of the original subdivider of the land.  The boundary survey involves the retracement of the original surveyor's work and discovering a preponderance of evidence that leads to the formulation of a well reasoned professional opinion as to the location of the boundary on the ground.

Boundary Survey Components May Include:

  • Public Records Research
  • Private Records Research
  • Field Reconnaissance and Evidence Collection
  • Forensic Procedures for Evidence Collection
  • Records and Field Evidence Comparison and Analysis
  • Discrepancy Analysis and Reporting
  • Establishing Well Reasoned Professional Opinion for Boundary Location
  • Setting Monuments at Parcel Corners
  • Filing Record of Survey Maps and/or Corner Records with County Recorder

CFS Land Surveying Services

To learn more about the land surveying services CFS Engineering provides, please click the links below:

Capitola Office | 1840 41st Ave., Suite 102-264 | Capitola, CA 95010 | T: 831-477-9215
Sonoma Office | 617 Broadway, #1962 | Sonoma CA 95476 | T: 707-996-8449
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